WASTE MANAGEMENT

Waste management projects are very relevant in the international perspective as waste is a very obvious form of pollution and abundance of waste influences peoples well being and hygiene.
Caphema Miradion provides waste solutions for a clean society, now and in the future. At present we are doing this by converting waste into sustainable electricity, district heating and high-quality construction materials. In the coming years we will be recovering more and more raw materials for re-use, as well as continuing to generate the maximum electricity from the remaining waste. We are a hub in smart cities and biobased economies.



 

 


Our company can support you with the following products or activities:
-Waste management strategies and policy plans
-Prevention of waste
-Waste reduction plans for industries
-Waste collection
-Waste recycling
-Treatment of waste streams (household waste, industrial waste, toxic waste)
-Economic and technical evaluation
-Obtaining environmental permits
-Obtaining building permits
-Design of the production building
-Market survey of the available production techniques
-Project Management
-Safety studies
-Management system and training of personnel




























Types of Waste Disposal

The characteristic activities of waste management include:

a) collection, transport, treatment and disposal of waste,
b) control, monitoring and regulation of the production, collection, transport, treatment and disposal of waste, and
c) prevention of waste production through in - process modifications, reuse and recycling.

Methods of Waste Disposal

Landfill

The Landfill is the most popularly used method of waste disposal used today. This process of waste disposal focuses attention on burying the waste in the land. Landfills are found in all areas. There is a process used that eliminates the odors and dangers of waste before it is placed into the ground. While it is true this is the most popular form of waste disposal it is certainly far from the only procedure and one that may also bring with it an assortment of space.
This method is becoming less these days although, thanks to the lack of space available and the strong presence of methane and other landfill gases, both of which can cause numerous contamination problems. Many areas are reconsidering the use of landfills.

Incineration/Combustion

Incineration or combustion is a type disposal method in which municipal solid wastes are burned at high temperatures so as as to convert them into residue and gaseous products. The biggest advantage of this type of method is that it can reduce the volume of solid waste to 20 to 30 percent of the original volume, decreases the space they take up and reduce the stress on landfills. This process is also known as thermal treatment where solid waste materials are converted by Incinerators into heat, gas, steam and ash.

Recovery and Recycling

Resource recovery is the process of taking useful discarded items for a specific next use. These discarded items are then processed to extract or recover materials and resources or convert them to energy in the form of useable heat, electricity or fuel.
Recycling is the process of converting waste products into new products to prevent energy usage and consumption of fresh raw materials. Recycling is the third component of Reduce, Reuse and Recycle waste hierarchy. The idea behind recycling is to reduce energy usage, reduce volume of landfills, reduce air and water pollution, reduce greenhouse gas emissions and preserve natural resources for future use.

Plasma gasification

Plasma gasification is another form of waste management. Plasma is a primarily an electrically charged or a highly ionized gas. Lighting is one type of plasma which produces temperatures that exceed 12,600 F. With this method of waste disposal, a vessel uses characteristic plasma torches operating at +10,000 F which is creating a gasification zone till 3,000 F for the conversion of solid or liquid wastes into a syngas.
During the treatment solid waste by plasma gasification, the wastes molecular bonds are broken down as result of the intense heat in the vessels and the elemental components. Thanks to this process, destruction of waste and dangerous materials is found. This form of waste disposal provides renewable energy and an assortment of other fantastic benefits.

Composting

Composting is an easy and natural bio-degradation process that takes organic wastes i.e. remains of plants and garden and kitchen waste and turns into nutrient rich food for your plants. Composting, normally used for organic farming, occurs by allowing organic materials to sit in one place for months until microbes decompose it. Composting is one of the best methods of waste disposal as it can turn unsafe organic products into safe compost. On the other side, it is slow process and takes lot of space.

Waste to Energy

Waste to energy (WtE) process involves converting of non-recyclable waste items into useable heat, electricity, or fuel through a variety of processes. This type of source of energy is a renewable energy source as non-recyclable waste can be used over and over again to create energy. It can also help to reduce carbon emissions by offsetting the need for energy from fossil sources. Waste-to-Energy, also widely recognized by its acronym WtE is the generation of energy in the form of heat or electricity from waste.
Avoidance/Waste Minimization
The most easier method of waste management is to reduce creation of waste materials thereby reducing the amount of waste going to landfills. Waste reduction can be done through recycling old materials like jar, bags, repairing broken items instead of buying new one, avoiding use of disposable products like plastic bags, reusing second hand items, and buying items that uses less designing.
Recycling and composting are a couple of the best methods of waste management. Composting is so far only possible on a small scale, either by private individuals or in areas where waste can be mixed with farming soil or used for landscaping purposes. Recycling is widely used around the world, with plastic, paper and metal leading the list of the most recyclable items. Most material recycled is reused for its original purpose.